Real Estate Recovery Program provides recovery for broker's fiduciary breach if factual findings supporting judgment state conduct constituting deliberate fraud
California Business & Profession Code section 10471 is a "remedial statute intended to protect the public from loss resulting from unsatisfied damage awards against licensed real estate personnel." (Doyle v. Department of Real Estate (1994) 30 Cal.App.4th 893.) It is punitive in the sense that an agent's license is immediately suspended if the state pays from the fund and that license will not be reinstated until the payment is paid back in full. It is limited in that it only applies to an unsatisfied judgment for intentional fraud.
In Worthington v. Davi (G045537, filed August 7, 2012), plaintiffs arbitrated three transactions claiming breach of fiduciary duty and one transaction claiming fraud committed by their real estate broker and others, and received a total award of $280,000. The award was confirmed in a judgment which went unpaid. Plaintiffs applied to the state's Real Estate Commissioner for recovery from the 10471 recovery fund. The Commissioner allowed recovery of $50,000, allowing recovery only on the "fraud" transaction, and disallowing the other three.
Plaintiffs applied to the trial court for an order directing payment of the judgment from the recovery fund as to the remaining three transactions. The trial court ordered payment on two of these three. On these three transactions, the arbitrator did not expressly state the award was for "fraud." The trial court found that in two of these transactions, there was a breach of fiduciary duty resulting from fraudulent transactions. However the remaining fiduciary transaction involved no sufficient stated showing of fraud. Both sides appealed.